Dating foreign postcards
Babil Governorate, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (53 mi) south of Baghdad, comprising a large tell of broken mud-brick buildings and debris.The site at Babylon consists of a number of mounds covering an area of about 2 by 1 kilometer (1.24 mi × 0.62 mi), oriented north to south, along the Euphrates to the west.The Book of Genesis, chapter 10, claims that king Nimrod founded Babel, Uruk, and Akkad.
The so-called Weidner Chronicle (also known as ABC 19) states that Sargon of Akkad (c.
stated that astronomical observations commenced at Babylon 490 years before the Greek era of Phoroneus, indicating 2243 BC.
Stephanus of Byzantium wrote that Babylon was built 1002 years before the date given by Hellanicus of Lesbos for the siege of Troy (1229 BC), which would date Babylon's foundation to 2231 BC.
Babylon was originally a small Akkadian city dating from the period of the Akkadian Empire c. The town became an independent city-state with the rise of the First Amorite Babylonian Dynasty in the nineteenth century BC.
After the Amorite king Hammurabi created a short-lived empire in the 18th century BC, southern Mesopotamia became known as Babylonia and Babylon eclipsed Nippur as its holy city.